North America is not rabies free
Canada does have instances of rabies found mostly in bats and raccoons. Some countries require the CFIA to supply documentation to give a kilometer free radius from where a pet originates before they will accept the pet (even though its rabies vaccinations are up to date).
Version date: June 29, 2014
Your pet must be vaccinated against rabies usually after an ISO readable 15 digit microchip has been implanted. Some countries demand several rabies vaccinations after microchipping within a specified time - this does no harm to your pet.
KILLED VACCINE: Your pet must be inoculated using killed/inactive vaccine, but most vets already know this.
Many countries require the validity of the vaccination to be within 365 days of arrival in the country, or through quarantine period, plus a week. A 3 year vaccination will have to be re-given to full fill the requirements. Ask your vet to give only a one year vaccine - all vets can do this for you.
Many countries require a blood test called a rabies titre to be drawn a month after a rabies vaccination has been given. This expensive test is sent to the USA, and will take up to a month to return. What the titre does is to verify that the vaccination actually took, and has a minimum standard that is easily met.